Semiotics of Animal Motifs in the Jewelry of the Achaemenid Era

Shahryar Shokrpour, Reyhaneh Rashidi, Fatemeh Barmaki


Achaemenid art is a combination of different nations' art and a reflection of thought and religion of the era. Plant, human, animal motifs and a combination of them have been used in the art of the Achaemenid era. But the abundant use of animal motifs, especially in jewelry, has distinguished the Achaemenid art. The present paper aims to study the animal symbols in the jewelry of the Achaemenid era. Following a definition of the symbol, it evaluates the role and status of animal symbols in Achaemenid jewelry by categorizing and analyzing those motifs. Descriptive-analytic method has been used in this paper and data has obtained from library research. According to the results of the study, it can be found that the symbolic animal motifs were used in the jewelry of the Achaemenid era to express the power and majesty of the king and the sovereignty; they demonstrate the Iranians' particular viewpoint toward the world, religion and custom of the era and artistic qualities of the related nations.


Achaemenid art; animal motifs; jewelry; semiotics

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DOI: 10.6092/issn.1973-9494/7954


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