Analytical Study of the Materials Used in Mural Paintings in the Love Chamber of El Sakakeny Palace

Kholod Khairy Salama, Mona Fouad Ali, Abubakr Mohamed Moussa

Abstract


In the present study, a comprehensive investigation has been undertaken into mural paintings dating to the 19 th century and painted by Italian students. They were initially located in El Sakakeny Palace in El Sakakeny Square in Egypt. The analytical instruments used for investigation were Optical Microscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy with EDX, X-Ray diffraction and Fourier Transform Infrared coupled with Attenuated Total Reflectance (FTIR-ATR). The analysis revealed that the pigments used in the mural paintings were hematite, litharge, zincate, gold oxide, Goethite (brown ochre) and malachite mixed with linseed oil or animal glue. The original ground layer comprises zincate with gypsum. The medium used in the ground layer is animal glue and the support is limestone.

Keywords


paintings; El Sakakeny Palace; optical microscope; XRD; FTIR

References


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DOI: 10.6092/issn.1973-9494/7167

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