Integrated techniques to evaluate the features of sedimentary rocks of archaeological areas of Sicily

Maria Brai, Antonio Cimino, Giuseppe Raso, Tiziano Schillaci, Stefano Bellia, Antonio Lo Casto, Paola Fantazzini, Antonella Maccotta

Abstract


Sicily includes a great variety of lithologies, giving a high complexity to the geologic landscape. Their prevalent lithology is sedimentary. It is well known that rocks of sedimentary origin, compared with metamorphic and volcanic deposits, can be relatively soft and hence fairly easy to model. Nevertheless, this workability advantage is a drawback for Cultural Heritage applications. In fact, these materials show a high porosity, with pore-size distributions that lead to deterioration through absorption of water. In this paper, several sedimentary rocks used in historical Cultural Heritage items of Sicily, from "Magna Graecia" to nowadays, are classified for mineralogical features, chemical composition, and for porosity. Particularly, some samples collected in quarries relevant to the archaeological sites of 41 Agrigento, Segesta and Selinunte will be considered and characterized using integrated techniques (XRD, XRF, NMR and CT). Data on samples obtained in laboratory will be compared with the relevant values measured in situ on monuments of historical-cultural interest of the quoted archaeological places.

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DOI: 10.6092/issn.1973-9494/570

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Copyright (c) 2004 Maria Brai, Antonio Cimino, Giuseppe Raso, Tiziano Schillaci, Stefano Bellia, Antonio Lo Casto, Paola Fantazzini, Antonella Maccotta

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