The reclamation of Gandhara cultural heritage. Its uses in present-day Khyber-Pukhtunkhwa

Rafiullah Khan

Abstract


Summary

This paper is divided into three parts. The first part gives a brief introduction to Gandhara in terms of geography and research activities in a historical perspective. The second part discusses the need for community involvement in Gandhara archaeology and the importance of Cultural Resource Management (CRM) in the field. The last part demonstrates the social, cultural, environmental, economic, political and religious returns as a result of these activities.        

 

Riassunto

L’articolo di divide in tre parti:  la prima fornisce una breve introduzione a Gandhara dal punto di vista geografico e delle attività di ricerca in una prospettiva storica. La seconda parte tratta del bisogno di un coinvolgimento della comunità nell’archeologia e l’importanza della Gestione delle Risorse Culturali (GRC), mentre la terza, infine, dimostra un ritorno in termini sociali, culturali, ambientali, economici, politici e religiosi come risultato di tali attività.

 

Résumé

L’article se compose de trois parties : la première donne une courte introduction de Gandhara du point de vue géographique, et des activités de recherche au niveau historique. La deuxième partie parle de la nécessité que la communauté soit impliquée dans l’archéologie, et de l’importance dela Gestiondes Ressources Culturelles (GRC). Enfin, la troisième partie montre un retour en termes sociaux, culturels, écologiques, économiques, politiques et religieux, comme résultat de ces activités.

 

Zusammenfassung

Der Artikel ist in drei Teile unterteilt: der erste liefert eine kurze Einführung in die geographische Lage und die Forschungstätigkeit in Gandhara unter historischen Gesichtspunkten. Der zweite Teil befasst sich mit dem Bedürfnis, die Gemeinschaft in die archäologische Tätigkeit einzubeziehen, und mit der Bedeutung des Kulturgütermanagements (GRC), während der dritte Teil die Ergebnisse dieser Tätigkeit im Hinblick auf ihre soziale, kulturelle, umwelttechnische, wirtschaftliche, politische und religiöse Auswirkung ausweist.

 

Resumen

El artículo se divide en tres partes: la primera presenta una breve introducción sobre Gandhara desde el punto de vista geográfico y de las actividades de investigación con perspectiva histórica. La segunda parte se ocupa de la necesidad de la participación de la comunidad en la arqueología y la importancia de la Gestión de los Recursos Culturales (GRC); mientras que la tercera, y última, parte demuestra el retorno en términos sociales, culturales, medioambientales, económicos, políticos y religiosos como resultado de dichas actividades.

 

Резюме

Статья делиться на три части. Первая содержит короткое вступление о Гандхаре с точки зрения географии и исследовательской деятельности в исторической перспективе. Вторая часть посвящена необходимости привлечения народа к археологии и важности Управления Культурными Ресурсами. В третьей части показывается как результат этой исследовательской деятельности отдача в социальном, культурном, экологическом, экономическом, политическом и религиозном плане.

 

摘要

该文章分为三个部分:第一部分从地理位置上和历史角度的研究上简短地介绍了健驮逻国。

第二部分介绍了考古学社会参与的必要性和文化资源管理(GRC)的重要性,最后第三部分强调了这些项目在社会、文化、环境、经济、政治和宗教方面存在的积极影响。


Keywords


Gandhara, cultural heritage, KP, history, archaeology

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DOI: 10.6092/issn.1973-9494/4187

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