Research, protection and evaluation of Sicilian and Mediterranean marine cultural heritage

Sebastiano Tusa


Underwater archaeology in the Mediterranean should be based on a comprehensive, deep knowledge
of a wide context of cultural environment. It is impossible to carry out an in-depth study of a
specific wreck or site without having an overall cultural as well as historical perspective. It is, in fact,
quite clear to everybody that even the most faraway shores of the Mediterranean were connected
by means of a dense network of sea routes based on a rich trade throughout the centuries.
But underwater archaeology also means the chance to understand the past environment due to the
possibility of detecting ancient sea shores which nowadays are found below sea level.
Today underwater archaeology also means deep sea research in extraterritorial waters. This aspect
of underwater archaeological research is deeply connected with legal aspects that, in the framework
of the recently approved UNESCO draft regarding the protection of underwater cultural heritage,
should be planned according to international cooperation.
Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage
Sicily has a great role in Mediterranean underwater archaeology because of its history and heritage,
but also because Regional Government plays an important role in international debate in this field
and because in Sicily a great impulse has been given to underwater archaeology research and cultural
evaluation through the Soprintendenza del Mare

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DOI: 10.6092/issn.1973-9494/1745


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