The architecture of Mosques and the Covid-19 pandemic


  • Imadeddine Khoukhi Laboratory Environment and Technology for Architecture and Heritage (ETAP), Institute of Architecture and Urban Planning, Saad Dahlab University Blida1, Blida, Algeria
  • Dalila Senhadji Laboratory Metropolis Architecture Urbanism Society (LAMAUS), Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Mohamed Boudiaf University of Science and Technology Oran, Algeria



Mosques, outer courtyard, COVID-19, El Oued, Algeria


This article attempts to provide some answers to the unexpected effects of the global Covid-19 pandemic relating to the architecture of mosques. For this, we observed mosques in El Oued in the south of Algeria; the climatic and social features of the region involve the use of outer courtyards for prayer and are taken as a motivating case study. Our investigation in relation to the spread of COVID-19 is the fact that the topic has not been tackled before. COVID-19 has had a great impact at all levels, including the closure of mosques. As the pandemic developed, decisions about the gradual and controlled opening of mosques were made, based only on the capacity factor of the covered spaces of mosques. These decisions ignored the uncovered outer spaces found in mosques in El Oued and some other regions in Algeria. They were, of course, a response to the health protocol requirements related to measures to prevent and protect against COVID-19. We then asked ourselves the following questions: How could the knowledge and spatial arrangement of mosques guide us towards better management and decision-making during a health crisis like COVID-19? And what would the impact of this pandemic on the future architecture of mosques be? Our article is an attempt to find some answers to these questions.




How to Cite

Khoukhi, I., & Senhadji, D. (2022). The architecture of Mosques and the Covid-19 pandemic. Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage, 22(1), 73–95.