An Interdisciplinary Approach for the Historical and Technical Characterization of Medieval and Modern Mortars
Keywords:conservation, reconstruction, architecture, seismic risk, mortar
The study concerns Italian masonries and focuses on historical, medieval and modern mortars. Within the context of the different regions under examination (Piedmont, the Po Valley area, Latium, the Umbria-Marche region, and Apulia and Sardinia) a wide variety of materials with different chemical-physical characteristics were used in masonry work, determining different structural behaviors. The project aims at improving our knowledge about historical mortars in order to further the conservation of Italian built heritage, especially in zones with seismic risk. To achieve these results, we took samples and carried out analyses to investigate the different mechanical and cohesion properties that influence the vulnerability of ruined or collapsed structures.
This information has enabled advances to be made in the prevention, maintenance, protection and preservation of historical buildings.
Further details will concern the history of construction techniques, with particular regard to the relationship between local resources and construction sites. Another important topic is the role of different components and additives during the preparation of the mortars and their level of hydraulicity.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Daniela Esposito, Aida Maria Conte, Laura Corda, Elisabetta Giorgi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.